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Lui Shou-kwan: Hong Kong Landscapes

2 December 2021 - 12 March 2022



Alisan Fine Arts is proud to present Hong Kong Landscapes, its sixth solo exhibition for ink master Lui Shou-kwan. With a focus on Lui’s modern landscape paintings from the 1950’s and 60’s, the works on display literally follow Lui’s footsteps while he visits the various sites around Hong Kong Island. They include iconic landmarks such as Victoria Harbour, Victoria Peak, Lion Rock, Happy Valley, and the beautiful beaches of Repulse Bay and Shek O, as well as the various hills and valleys in the country parks. Through these works one can trace the extra-ordinary techniques that Lui developed to meticulously depict the changing seasons, weather, and the various times of day while maintaining the literati spirit of traditional ink painting. This exhibition is the third in a series of important shows the gallery has planned for its 40th Anniversary celebration this year.

Lui Shou-kwan (1919-1975) is recognized as Hong Kong’s pioneer in the New Ink Movement. He advocated the innovation of traditional ink painting, but never abandoned the ink tradition. During his artistic life he continuously and simultaneously focused on three different areas: traditional painting, landscapes, and abstract ink art. Inspired by Western artists such as Turner, he combined Chinese traditional ink techniques with that of the West. This unique artistic approach of harking back to tradition and looking towards the future had a profound influence on the development of Contemporary Chinese Art. Born in Guangzhou, Lui’s interest in painting was inherited from his father Lui Canming (1892-1963) from early on. His father was a scholar-painter and owner of an antique shop. Lui studied Chinese painting by copying classical works by past masters, such as Bada Shanren (1626-1705, Ming Dynasty), Shitao (1642-1707, Qing Dynasty) and Huang Binhong (1865-1955, under whom he studied for a short period). In this exhibition, we can see in “Hong Kong Lin Fa Shan” (1961) that Lui was influenced by Huang Binhong’s dark and bold style in his later years. The black mountains with a gleam of light breaking through, remind viewers of Lui’s internationally renowned “Zen Painting” series.

Lui Shou-kwan moved to Hong Kong in 1948 and began working for the Hong Kong and Yaumatei Ferry Company as an inspector in 1949. While working on the pier, he was able to observe Hong Kong’s mountains and harbour scenes and painted on-site after work. For example, “Hong Kong Landscape” (1954) was painted on-site during an outing with several other Hong Kong artists Dong Kingman, Luis Chan, Lee Byng on a boat. Also, in “Junks” and “Repulse Bay” (both 1967), Lui used different traditional ink painting techniques such as Hemp Strokes, Amass Ink, and Break Ink, the expressive brushwork represents diverse characteristics of landscapes.

As Lui Shou-kwan said, “What differentiates the Guohua’s xiesheng and Western en plein air is that the Chinese focus on breaking the boundaries of time and space. At the same time, the objects depicted should accommodate the viewer’s changing mood and behaviours. …..The composition obviously derives from nature, but it should also transcend it, so that it becomes the artist’s expression.” (Quote from “The Search of Zen: The Art of Lui Shou-kwan”, National Art Museum of China, Beijing, 2018, P. 23 We can see this semi-abstract of expression in “Hong Kong Rainy Night” (1961).

Currently there is also a solo exhibition of Lui’s works at the Hong Kong Museum of Art “When Form Matters: Following the Path of Lui Shou-kwan to Zen Painting”.


Alisan Fine Arts first exhibited Lui’s paintings in 1984, and since then has held 4 more solo exhibitions of his work (1988, 2011, 2013, 2019). The gallery has also organised two important historical group exhibitions, in 1995 and 2015 respectively, tracing his career and legacy, and the works of his students such as Wucius Wong, Kan Tai-keung, and Chui Tze-hung. The latter exhibition travelled to Guangzhou Redtory Museum of Contemporary Art in 2016, as part of “Being and Inking: Documenting Contemporary Ink Art 2001-2016”.

Over the years, Alisan has also published 4 exhibition catalogues for Lui Shou-kwan, two of which "A Legacy of Ink: Lui Shou-kwan 40 Years On" (2015) and "Lui Shou-kwan Pioneer of New Ink: A Centenary Celebration" (2019) are listed in “Exhibitions and Publications of Lui Shou-kwan after 1975” by Hong Kong Museum of Art. The images of these 2 covers are displayed as reference material currently in the Hong Kong museum’s Lui Shou-kwan exhibition.

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